National Broadband Network: for the past 5 years or so, the government, NBN Co., retail service providers, people from the broadband industry, and a huge number of online subscribers have all been focused on its development. It is considered the biggest and most comprehensive local infrastructure project so far, with 2.9 Million active connections currently posted.

Its demand today is growing right along with its roll out campaign and coverage reach, aided by extensive promotion and general public feedback. NBN is in high consumer demand due to its superior qualities and higher technology. It is also seen to revolutionise broadband, telecommunications, and many personal and business aspects of the lives of many online Australians.

NBN Logo

We had Cable, ADSL, 3G, ISDN and other broadband formats. Today NBN is the fastest growing so far, with equal consumer demand. It stands out with an average 25 Mbps download rate and a 50 Mbps standard download rate for all fixed line connections. Much of this has to do with its public presence, flexibility to subscribers, as well as its adaptability to technology.

A three year plan is slated to finish in September of 2018 and is currently ongoing. It aims to cover Australia with nationwide coverage, or all locations with communities that will benefit from the NBN roll out.

Having the fastest and most reliable broadband internet format is the answer to many advancements for life and work. This is through NBN’s speed and reliability: its main highlights, due to improved data transmissions over fibre optic cables. It bounces light in its glass filament fibre core cables, with distance not a factor in performance. This makes it a far superior format over cable and ADSL.

Also, the physical properties of fibre optic cable technology far outweigh other contemporary broadband formats: fibre optic cables are waterproof, heatproof, interference proof and should last longer than copper. Copper itself can last for many years as long as corrosion, damage, and deterioration are avoided.

Four common speed tiers that provide services from personal use on devices, to residences of all sizes and business / big business applications, of all level of usage: 12/1Mbps, 25/5 Mbps (or 25/10 Mbps), 50 /20 Mbps, and 100/ 40 Mbps.

fiber_copper

With fibre, its longevity is easier to maintain its operations with no worries against corrosion and early deterioration, especially from common outdoor elements. It is currently the most superior broadband formats in performance and physical capabilities. These are some of the main selling points that benefit retailers and all of their subscribers. They are also among many reasons as to why consumers and retailers post most of the demand, as to why get NBN for home, work, and business.

There are three main NBN formats, chosen accordingly based on demand, but in the end, as the most suitable choice based on current condition and situation of the premises, with emphasis on the location and what is currently available: Fixed Wired NBN which is either pure 100% fibre all the way through the premises, or FTTP (Fibre to the Premises). This is the ideal NBN connection.

The other is a hybrid connection that has the fibre optic part from all the outside the premises, and older copper systems found (already existing) in the premises. These are mainly Fibre to the Node / Basement / Building / etc. connections, and HFC or Hybrid Fibre Coaxial. In order to address demand, save on funding, and speed up installation and roll out processes, these part fibre, part copper systems are used.

Although worries regarding lower speed and performance quality are present, there are methods to which the copper elements can be optimised to meet and match fibre optics. This ensures that the installed connection follows the NBN standards and is up to par with a pure fibre connection.

Newer technology in the form of G.Fast and XG.Fast aims to further improve the copper network. By using optimisation techniques and twisted copper lines, these new improvements are seen as the next level of hybrid fibre and copper connections. This is to standardise all wired connections regardless of purity or fibre to copper part ratio.

The two other NBN formats are Fixed Wireless, and Satellite NBN. Fixed Wireless is facilitated by fibre optic cables as well, the only difference is its wireless transmission using strategically located tower stations that are received via 4G technology to both receivers at home or in the premises, and to mobile and wireless devices.

Wireless NBN is meant to extend the network to rural, regional, remote, outback, and offshore locations across Australia. The development of this particular type of NBN has shown positive feedback. Online subscribers from these parts of the country are able to participate in online activities at the same speed and quality from those living in the major cities and regions.

Satellite NBN has grown at a significant rate, with wider coverage for the same locations. It now has two transmission satellites in space in orbit around Australia: Sky Muster (Oct 2015) and Sky Muster II (Oct 2016) comprise the current space satellite contingent.

According to the NBN Annual report for 2015 to 2016, the 2.9 Million number of connections can be broken down into the following format shares: Fibre to the Premises has a large share at 1.3 Million, followed by Fibre to the Node type connections at 662,729. For Fixed Wireless we have 420,524, followed by Satellite at 409, 524. HFC with its use of existing copper networks has posted a tally of 18,462.
There are key differences that make the NBN a logical choice. These apply in many modern businesses, home, and personal needs. Due to today’s demand for higher speed and bandwidth, plus a more reliable and stable connection format, the NBN remains a top choice for either new connections, or upgrades, as long as it is available.

Home applications include home management devices and systems, home security and CCTV Cameras,
smart appliances, and all online mobile devices. It is also a go to choice for subscribers especially those with high data activity and longer online usage, such as Gaming and Entertainment, as well as usual necessities such as Education, Communication, and all modern business and work applications.

Pricing remains competitive with many options available, in keeping with NBN standards and retail service provider rates. They are also available in both bundled and unbundled options: Bundles will usually offer high data devices such as Internet TV’s, Gaming consoles, mobile phones / phablets, and tablets.

There are also varying data allowances for package deals, including unlimited, which can be entered into monthly, annual and two-year contract lengths. Longer locked-in contracts are similar to ADSL deals, as far as discounted rates, and bundling offers with other services (gas, electricity) are concerned.

Its growth and development runs parallel to all modern telecommunications trends and innovations. The NBN keeps up with current advanced technologies to create long term commitment in providing the most up to date methods in NBN delivery and performance. This vision is aimed to sustain NBN for the future.

Right now we are looking at improved Satellite NBN with two Sky Muster satellites that are in orbit and fully operational. There’s now far wider coverage for distant areas and improved transmission speed and performance. This is to further augment NBN coverage and speed particularly for all distant rural, remote and offshore locations. This is also to ensure that the Satellite NBN service remains consistent with general NBN performance across the country.

We are also looking at future NBN extensions for hybrid connections, such as the aforementioned G.Fast and XG.Fast technologies for copper elements of these hybrid connections. Following successful trials by the Deutsche Telekom company from February of this year, NBN became the third company to follow in their steps and do their own set of tests. These were equally successful.

G.Fast and XG.Fast are the latest broadband innovations, considered as 5th generation broadband technology. Technically, it is also an advanced form of DSL protocol standard using shorter cable connections (at least 500m and shorter).

These copper based innovations also use elements of VDSL, or Very HIGH bit rate Digital Subscriber Lines, an advanced form of ADSL using copper but providing high speed and high bandwidth broadband access.

It is combined with a specific method of optimising data exchange on copper cables called Vectoring. It eliminates interference and improves the download and upload capabilities of the lines.
The latest speed trials and tests revealed a successful post of 8GBps download speed, using 30 metres of twisted copper. The next step is to work on the short length or distance of the cable. The use of additional DSLAM or Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexer units to be installed at key points has been proposed. This is to facilitate the same level of performance; however this is still in the development phase.

The current standing of the NBN and all of its properties are due in part to the Coalition’s goals. This is to set up a cost effective network system that doesn’t cost too much for consumers and subscribers, while retaining flexible options to service all types of consumers and subscribers, from all possible local locations (hence, the use of mixed technology NBN for all types of consumers in the broadband market), while keeping on track for the proposed roll out, with respect to providing it with a reasonable timeframe.